Managing Population - Case Studies

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  • Created by: HLeiper
  • Created on: 09-04-14 10:37
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  • Managing Population Growth - Case Studies
    • China
      • Largest Population in the world - 1.3 billion
      • One Child Policy introduced in 1979
      • Couples were strongly encouraged to only have one baby
      • Helps towards sustainable development - fewer resources being used
      • Incentives
        • Longer maternity leave
        • Better Housing
        • Free Education
        • 10% fines for a second child
        • Have to be married (men 28 women 25) and apply for a baby licence
      • Effectiveness
        • Prevented 400 million births
        • Fertility rate from 5.7 to 1.8
        • Was not just due to abortions being made
        • Older policies were more effective - fewer children = more wealth
      • Rule Change
        • Rural areas - if first one was a girl or had physical disabilities
        • One parent had a disability or both were only children
    • Indonesia
      • Thousands of islands; 4th largest population in the world - 240 million
      • Not evenly distributed - 130 million on Java leads to problems
      • Policies
        • Government introduced transmigration policy - 1960
        • Hasn't helped - Reduces the impact not the growth
        • Millions of people moved from densely populated Java to Sumatra less densely populated
      • Effectiveness
        • Millions moved - still not evenly distributed
        • Not all escaped poverty - no skills or land was too poor
        • Land was already occupied - conflict was created by natives

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