Geography Case Studies

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  • Created by: alxxandra
  • Created on: 01-05-17 11:27
What is the case study for 'a rapidly growing urban area in a developing country and migration to it' in the settlement topic?
Mumbai
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What are the pull factors of moving to Mumbai city?
good food supply/employment potential/better service provisions/greater wealth/lack of natural hazards/friends&family
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What are the push factors of living in rural India
crop failure/drought/natural hazards/unemployment/poverty/lack of services/isolation/lack of safety
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What are the positives of urbanisation in Mumbai
larger workforce/high demand for products
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What are the negatives of urbanisation in Mumbai
more pollution/urban area expansion/clean water pressurised/pressure on services/congestion/high land prices/high demand for housing
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What is the case study for an urban spawl in the settlement topic?
Atlanta
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a)What is Atlanta and b)what is its population growth
a)Capital city of Georgia b)1.4 to 5.138 million from 1970-2006
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In what years did Atlanta add almost 1 million to its total?
2000-2006
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What fraction of Atlanta's increase in population was from births?
1/3
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a)What was Atlanta established for and b) in which period?
a)an ideal link between the north east with the south east USA b)1840s
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What happened when an airport was built in Atlanta?
It became a financial centre
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What are common reasons for people moving to Atlanta?
Relatively cheap housing and chances of employment
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What does Atlanta city's new plan focus on?
The city rather than on the edge. Includes plans for more public transport and there is heavy investment in 'green buildings'
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What is the case study for 'settlement & service provision in an area' for the settlement topic?
Sardinia
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What is the total population of Sardinia?
1.7 million
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Where is the site of Sardinia?
Used to be inland but moved to coastal areas for tourism
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What is the economy in Sardinia based on?
Now based on tourism, used to be farming and mining
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What are the services in the capital of Sardinia?
Large fish market, continental terminal & tourism services
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Name a correct fact about Bosa
It is growing in popularity for tourism as it has the 'most beautiful beach in Italy'
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Name the features of Sardinia's access
Port to mainland Olbia, airport in Olbia, railway from Olbia to Port Torres & Caliari, main road & access to Sassari, Temisso
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What is the case study for the rivers topic?
Mozambique
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What is Mozambique and where is it?
An LEDC in West Africa, with much of it situated on a flood plain.
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a)What is Mozambique's economy like and b) what is the GDP per capita?
a)It is one of the poorest countries in Africa b)$800
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What happened in 2000 in Mozambique?
There was a high amount of rainfall and the capital was flooded. In the week following there was a tropical cyclone and thousands of flash floods around the country
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What were the impacts of the floods in Mozambique?
150 were killed, 200 000 people were displaced, crops and transport links were destoryed
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What happened afterwards in Mozambique to prevent the effects from being so severe again?
dams & wells were built, water pumps installed, $150 million was donated by various countries, helicopter rescue and food & accommodation centres set up
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What is the volcano case study for the tectonics topic?
Chaiten, Chile
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When did the Chaiten volcano erupt?
2 May 2008
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How long had it been since the volcano in Chaiten last erupted?
over 9000 years
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What happened in Chaiten?
More than 4000 people had to flee their homes, people had to queue to leave by naval ships, cars, house and trees were covered with up to 15cm of ash
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What happened in Chaiten? (further effects)
Forests set on fire, schools made into makeshift shelters, groundwater contaminated, people advised to wear glasses & long sleeves to avoid contact with ash
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What is the case study for an earthquake in the tectonics topic?
Chengdu, China
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When was the earthquake in Chengdu?
12 May 2008
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How devastating was the earthquake in Chengdu?
China's most devastating earthquake in 30 years
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What was the magnitude on the richter scale of the Chengdu earthquake?
7.9
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Where was the epicentre of the earthquake in Chengdu?
in the mountainous region of Sichuan province
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How far away was the epicentre from Chengdu?
100km north west
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What were the effects of the earthquake in Chendgu?
death toll of over 87000, 900 students feared buried under a collapsed high school building, 10000 injured and 80% of buildings collapsed in the Beichuan country
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What is the case study for a 'water supply in a country or area' for the water topic?
UK
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Select the correct facts about Birmingham
Second city in England, suppled with water by 5 dams in the Elan Valley over 100km from Bham, population of 1.25 million
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What is the state of demand in the UK
1/3 of population live around South East London (driest area of UK)
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How can we reduce demand in the UK?
Education, drip feed irrigation systems for agriculture, recycled water to be used in industry, mend leaking pipes
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Where does water supply come from in the UK?
Relief rainfall falls on the higher areas in the west, reservoirs need to be constructed in the west where precipitation occurs
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Where does water supply come from for Birmingham?
Elan Valley has deep narrow valleys & impermeable rock to hold water, and is higher than Birmingham so water flows with gravity not pumps
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What is the case study for the tourism topic (and environment)
Seychelles
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a) What is Seychelles and b) where is it?
a)115 islands b) in the Indian Ocean 1500km east of African mainland
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What is the traditional economy in Seychelles based on?
coconut palms, tea plantations and spices
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What happened in 1976 in Seychelles and what has happened since then?
Independence gained and since then tourism has been encouraged to allow investment & income
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What does tourism now provide to Seychelles?
70% of income and 30% of employment
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Select the correct human attractions to Seychelles
wedding & honeymoon venue
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Select the correct physical attractions to Seychelles
Climate 27-8C, beaches, ocean,flora&fauna, tropical climate, least rainfall Jun-Sept
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What is the case study for 'foo shortages in a country or region' for the agriculture topic?
Sudan
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What is the correct background to Sudan?
A country of contrast - driest in north and forests in the south. civil war continues between Arab north & African south.
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What have drought and civil war caused in Sudan?
starvation in Dafur in Western Sudan
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TRUE OR FALSE: there are 400 000 refugees in camps at Otis and Siref in Sudan
false - there are 40 000
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TRUE OR FALSE: there is lots of water in Sudan
false - there is barely any
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TRUE OR FALSE: lots of aid reaches the people in Sudan
false - it is controlled by the government and very little gets through
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TRUE OR FALSE: there is lots of support for the government in Sudan
false - there is no trust in the government
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What is the case study for 'a farm or agricultural system' for the agriculture topic?
Ganges Valley
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What are the changes in the Ganges basin?
HYVs- triple cropping/greater use of fertilisers/tractors&ploughs/Grants to buy new seeds&equipment/immigration - wells&canals from river/appropriate technology/soil conservation
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What are the input processes of the Ganges?
5 months growing/21C/monsoon rain/flat land/plenty of labour/rice seeds/alluvial soils/water buffalo
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What are the processes in the Ganges?
ploughing/planting/harvesting/threshing/weeding
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What are the output processes in the Ganges?
rice/rice seeds/money/veg&fruit/manure
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TRUE OR FALSE: the quality of farmland is distributed fairly between the people in the Ganges Valley
false - the rich own the best farmland and the poor farmers must rent small plots
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What is the case study for the energy topic?
Iceland
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Select the correct information about Landsvirkjun
Landsvirkjun is an energy company that has built 10 HEP stations on glacial rivers. it produces enough so that surplus can be exported for profit
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a) What percentage of Iceland's energy comes from sustainable sources and b) what percentage comes from imported fossil fuels?
a)70% b)30%
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How much electricity is produced from emission in Iceland?
100%
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Where does Iceland sit and what opportunities does this provide?
On the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (constructive boundary) - geothermal energy & water
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Where is most of the geothermal energy in Iceland?
South West
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What percentage of the population of Iceland live in a) the South West and b)the Capital Reykjavik?
a)75% b)60%
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Select the correct order (most to least) of the uses of geothermal energy in Iceland
heating (54%), electricity generation (16%), remainder for melting snow, fish farming, industry, greenhouses & swimming pools
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What is the case study for the coasts topic?
Holderness
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Why are the cliffs eroding at Holderness?
the cliffs are made of clay
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What are the processes that erode the cliffs at Holderness?
weathering, abrasion and corrosion
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What has been installed in Mappleton to slow the eroding processes of Holderness?
stone groynes
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What have the installation of stone groynes at Mappleton caused in neighbouring town Withersea in Holderness?
a lack of beach material
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What has been installed in previous years along the Holderness coastline?
groynes, sea walls, rip-rap
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What have the council recently done in Holderness
introduced a 'no active intervention policy', meaning they will do no more to prevent the effects of erosion on the coastline
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Why are sea defence decisions in Holderness difficult?
Some feel like they are in danger, but defences are too expensive to put everywhere
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What is the case study for the industry topic?
Silicon Valley
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What are some correct examples of companies at Silicon Valley
Microsoft, Apple, Facebook, Google, Cisco, Adobe systems
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Select a correct list of products produced at Silicon Valley
computers, pharmaceuticals, communication equipment & aerospace industries
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Where is Silicon Valley?
Silicon Valley is a 50km stretch of California where hi-tech industry has grown
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Select the correct list of the main focusses of companies at Silicon valley
research/development&manufacturing of micro-electronics/internet-related businesses/software/bio technology/aerospace
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the pull factors of moving to Mumbai city?

Back

good food supply/employment potential/better service provisions/greater wealth/lack of natural hazards/friends&family

Card 3

Front

What are the push factors of living in rural India

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the positives of urbanisation in Mumbai

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the negatives of urbanisation in Mumbai

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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