Mount Merapi (Case Study)

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  • Created on: 26-01-19 07:47
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  • Mount Merapi Eruption, 2010 (Case study)
    • Facts
      • It is an active volcano.
      • Smoke is released from the summit for about 300 days a year.
      • About 353 people died in the eruption in 1010.
      • The volcano erupted in March and April 2014.
      • It is the tallest active volcano in Europe.
      • It lies above the destructive plate margin between the African plate and the Eursian plate.
    • Where is Mount Merapi?
      • It is in Indonesia on the island of Java.
      • It has erupted more than 52 times in the last 200 years.
      • Population density is over 800 people per km.
      • A further 3 million people live in Yougkarta City, just 25 km away.
    • Estimates
      • Number of deaths
        • 165
      • Number of seriously injured
        • 425
      • Number of refugees and displaced people
        • Over 280,000
      • Number of people affected
        • About 3 million
    • Reasons why people still live near it
      • Boost tourism
        • Fact people come to look at the scenery around Mont Merapi.
        • Locals can earn money from the people visiting.
      • Can get geothermal energy
        • Heat energy from under the Earth's suface
        • Alternative energy for the people who live there.
      • Fertile soil at the foot
        • Volcanic ash releases minerals which helps crops grow.
        • Locals have more food which results in a better living.
        • Farmers earn more money.
    • Primary effects
      • Volcanic bombs and heat clouds
      • Pyroclastic flow travelled 3 km down populated mountain side.
      • Volcanic ash fell up to 30 km away and travelled 6 km into the sky.
      • Sulphur dioxide was blown across Indonesia, the Indian Ocean and parts of Australia.
      • Villages were buried under ash.
    • Secondary effects
      • Ash clouds cause major disruptions.
      • Roads were blocked with cars of people trying to escape.
      • Princes of foods went up due to damaged lands.
      • 350,00 people had to leave their homes.
      • Schools and public buildings were closed.
    • Short term rsponses
      • 210 evacuation centres set up.
      • 1,600 people were part of national aid response.
      • International aid was offered from organisations like the Red Cross
    • Long term responses
      • Formal evacuation centres set up so public places could be used again.
      • 2,982 people moved to safer homes.
      • Government making money available to farmers to replace money lost.
      • Government setting up special task forces
        • Family issues
        • People who have lost their jobs
    • Prediction systems
      • Monitoring began in 1942.
      • Monitoring system updated with new technology
      • Small changes to local magnetic fields.

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