The Death of Pliny the Elder
- 'tibi' – refers to the Historian Tacitus
- 'imperio praesens'; in person – magnifies P the E's prescence
- 'nonum kal. septembres hora fere septima'; 24/08 @ 7 – time frame is vivid and exact, and increases the story-like quality of this letter
- 'indicat'; indicate(s/d) – historic present creates the sense of an event unfolding now
- 'eruditissimo' – superlative, again elevates P the E
- 'mirabilem', 'magna prpiusque noscenda' – intriguing, used to draw in the reader with suspense of the unknown
- 'iubet' – emphatic positioning to convey the sense of speed
- 'me si venire una vellum rogat' – poignant detail in retrospect
- iubet liburnicum parari; me si venire una vellum rogat; respondere studere me malle' – stacatto phrases add to sense of speed. Asyndeton also controls pace and increases spead.
- 'egrediebatur...accipit' – present tense interrupts imperfect, sense of speed
- 'imminenti periculo' – hyperbolic language used to portray Pliny as strong
- 'tanto' – magnifies danger
- 'vertit ille consilium' – vertit is E.P. increases speed and sense of immediacy; also a literal turning point in the story as importance is given to vertit.
- 'studioso animo...maximo' – juxtaposition of qualities and E.P increases effect of heroic characteristic
- 'deducit quadririmes, ascendit ipse... auxilium' – asyndetic list for speed; ipse emphasises and magnifies prescence and bravery
- 'festinat illuc unde alii fugiunt' – chaismus / chiastic phrase where two opposites are juxtaposed to elevate his heroic character.
- 'rectumque cursum recta' – polyptoton emphasises his methodical and organised mindset
- 'festinat...in periculum' – so brave he does not hesitate, word choice to evoke reader incredulity
- 'adeo solutus metu' – heroic quality, admirable bravery
- 'iam, iam, iam' – anaphora / repetition / tricolon shows the rapid worsening of the situation.
- 'calidior, densior, propius' – comparatives demonstrating 'worsening'; propius shows the relativity between danger and distance
- 'subitum' – pace increases, shows instability of the situation
- 'haesitat paulisper' – only for a short while, also the situation must be dire…