Who was Cicero?
Name: Marcus Tullius Cicero
Born: 3rd January 106 BC
Died: 7th December 43 BC
from a wealthy municipal family of the equestrian order and is widely considered one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists
Pro Cluentio by Cicero
The passion behind a trumped up charge of poison (5.11-6.18 (abridged))
-Cicero in defence of Aulus Cluentius
-Cicero presents a picture of a woman driven by wicked passions and a son and daughter suffering as a result of those passions.
-Aulus Cluentius is accused of poisoning and murdering Oppianicus (his mother's, Sassia, 3rd husband)
-Oppianicus had previously tried to do the same to Cluentius and had been banished
-his mother had previously tried to do the same to Cluentius and had been banished
-his mother has attempted a similar prosecution 3 yrs earlier and Cluentius had been acquitted
-Cicero succeeds in having Cluentius acquitted once more
Members of the jury (iudices), Aulus Cluentius Hhabitus, this
man's father, was the leading man not only of the town of
Larinum where he came from but also of that region
and neighbourhood, in courage, reputation (existimatione)
and birth (nobilitare). When he died during the consulship of
Sulla and Pompeius, he left this man 15 years old, but (also) a
daughter, grown up and of marriageable age, who a short time
after her father's death married Aulus Aurius Melinus, her
cousin, a young man, as was then thought, in the forefront of
respectability and nobility among his peers. although their
marriage was full of dignity, full of harmony, there suddenly
arose a wicked lust of a troublesome woman, associated not
only with disgrace but even with crime.
The red words show where he is using emphasis to excite the reader and to encourage him to carry on reading. These are words that build up the status and propriety of Habitus.
Notes from lines 1-10
-On line 1, Cicero is addressing a member of the jury (iudices-member of the jury)-it is a typical address to them
-Aulus Cluentius is Aulus Cluentius Habitus' son
-Habitus came from Larinum
-When he was 'princeps' Habitus conveyed these qualities:
-virtuas - virtuous
-existimatione - had a high reputation
-nobilitae - of noble blood
-Aulus Cluentius Habitus died in the year that Sulla and Pompeus were consuls
-When Habitus died his son was 15 years old and his daughter was of marriageable age so she married her cousin Melinus.
-Melinus' reputation was that he was honest and noble
-Their nuptiae (marriage) was dignitas (dignified)) and full of concordiae (harmony)/ it was harmonious/happy marriage
-During their marriage a wicked lust of a woman arose, the lust f=was for her son in law.
-The status of Aulus Cluentius is built up by the 'non solum...sed etiam' construction but also by the tricolon (list without conjunctions .e.g. et) of ablatives praising his various qualities.
-Dignitas.nefarias;concordiae/scelere - these are the words which contrast eachother on lines 8 and 9. Cicero is after effect…