Human Biology Questions – Unit F221: Molecules, Blood and Gas Exchange
1.1.1 The Blood
1: How are blood samples taken?
2: How are blood smears made?
3: How is differential staining of blood smears done to show leucocytes?
4: How do you use a haemocytometer to count the number of erythrocytes, what dilution would you use?
5: How do you use a haemocytometer to count the number of leucocytes, what dilution would you use?
6: Describe the structure of erythrocytes and how it relates to its function.
7: Describe the structure of neutrophils and how it relates to its function.
8: Describe the structure of lymphocytes and how it relates to its function.
9: Describe the structure of monocytes and macrophages and how it relates to its function.
10: Describe the structure of platelets and how it relates to it function.
11: What does the nucleus do?
12: What does the nucleolus do?
13: What do ribosomes do?
14: What does rough endoplasmic reticulum do?
15: What does smooth endoplasmic reticulum do?
16: What does the Golgi body do?
17: What do vesicles do?
18: What do lysosomes do?
19: What does mitochondria do?
20: What does the cell surface membrane do?
21: What does in the cytoskeleton do?
22: What 3 things does a palisade mesophyll cell contain that a leucocyte doesn’t?
23: What is the equation to find out magnification?
24: What is the fluid mosaic model/ what does the fluid mosaic model show?
25: What functions do a phospholipids performs?
26: In relation to the fluid mosaic model, what do proteins do?
27: In relation to the fluid mosaic model what does cholesterol do?
28: What do glycoproteins and glycolipids do in the phospholipid bilayer?
29: What do the membranes do within and at the surface of a cell?
1: Describe the basic structure of amino acids?
2: Draw a diagram of an amino acid.
3: How do two amino acids join together?
4: What is it called when two amino acids are joined together?
5: What bond forms between two amino acids?
6: Describe the primary structure of an amino acid.
7: Describe the secondary structure of an amino acid.
8: Describe the tertiary structure of an amino acid?
9: Describe the quaternary structure of an amino acid.
10: What type of protein is Haemoglobin?
11: What is a globular protein?
12: How does haemoglobin carry oxygen?
13: What is plasma made up of and what is it function?
14: What is tissue fluid made up of and what is its function?
15: What is lymph made up of and what is its function?
16: What is the normal composition of blood plasma?
17: Why is water an…