Observations- Research Methods

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  • Created by: sticks
  • Created on: 18-05-16 20:34

OBSERVATIONS

 

Observe behaviour in real-life or laboratory settings without manipulating an independent variable. This can be useful when the independent variable is unethical to manipulate or to create a starting point for research

 

SETTING

 

·         Naturalistic observations observe naturally occurring behaviour in a natural setting

·         Controlled observations are conducted in a laboratory which gives the researcher more control over the environment which reduces the naturalness of behaviour.

 

THE ROLE OF THE RESEARCHER

 

·         In a participant observation the observer becomes part of the group/situation  being studied, they usually produce qualitative data so the data will have less of a focus.

·          A non-participant observation is where the observer remains external (watches participants from a distance).

·         An overt observation (disclosed) means that the participants are aware of being observed

·         A covert observation (undisclosed) means the participants do not know they are being observed.

 

THE STRUCTURE OF AN OBSERVATION

 

·         Unstructured observations are conducted with the researcher writing down everything they observe and analysing it later by looking for patterns of behaviour. This is useful for a pilot study, and mainly produces qualitative data. One problem with unstructured observations is that the behaviour recorded will be the most eye-catching to the observer but these may not be the most

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