Observational techniques

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Observational techniques- Non-experimental methods

What are observations?

Can be used to focus on one particular type of behaviour; for example aggression, to see what category a person falls into or to observe how people behave in certain situations. 

Depending on what the research is looking at influences which observational methods are employed.

Two main types of observation: 

Naturalistic observation: This involves observing a behaviour in a natural setting. There is no attempt to:

  • deliberately manipulate any variables 
  • influence the environments of the participants being observed.

Controlled observation: Involves observing beahvaiour in a prepared situation created by the researcher. There is no attempt to:

  • Manipulate and independent variable. 

However the researcher usually alters aspects of…


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