Observational Techniques and Designs

What are observational techniques?
The different techniques that researchers can use within an investigation
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Why are observational techniques used?
Experimental methods may not be the most suitable way to set up an experiment to study behaviour
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What are observational designs?
The ways in which the researcher records the observation
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What is a structured design?
Going into an investigation, knowing what behaviour type you are planning to observe (quantitative)
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What is an unstructured design?
Writing down everything that occurs (qualitative)
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What are behavioural categories?
Target behaviour, broken down into observable and measurable components; no inferences or ambiguous categories; behavioural checklist covers all bases of what could occur
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What are the two types of observation (design) sampling methods?
Event and time sampling
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Which is an observation (design) where the participants know they are being watched: covert or overt?
Overt
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What are the two types of settings for observations?
Naturalistic and controlled
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What is a non-participant observation?
Where the researcher stays separate from the participants
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why are observational techniques used?

Back

Experimental methods may not be the most suitable way to set up an experiment to study behaviour

Card 3

Front

What are observational designs?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a structured design?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is an unstructured design?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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