Deontological theory - we have a duty, actions are right wrong in themselves
Absolutist theory - actions have universal moral rules/doesnt matter of consequence
First found in ancient greek texts - aristotle/cicero
Focuses on our God given reason to fulfil our purpose which is ultimately fellowship with God
Wrote about natural law he said "the natural is which that everything is equally valid"
everything had a purpose
we were to find this purpose in nature using our God given reason
Cicero: (roman philosopher)
mentioned it too "true law is right reason in agreement with nature"
Aquinas: MADE IT FAMOUS (most important)
Book "summa theologica" 13th century
Outlined the theory
Greatly inspired by aristotle
Recognised 4 types of law
Eternal: God made everything with a purpose with his wisdom
Divine: Eternal law written in the scriptures
Natural: Using our reason to find eternal law (our purpose)
Human: Man made laws by government which coincide with secondary precepts
States that natural law is "the moral code existing within the purpose of nature created by God"
Natural law is in the law of nature, we must use our God given reason, our brains/senses, to work out what God wants from us and what our purpose is
Our purpose is fellowship with God - according to Aquinas all humans wanted this
Found in our reason are the four cardinal virtues, these help us fulfil our purpose
Temperance - do not…