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WHAT IS NATURAL MORAL LAW?
DEONTOLOGICAL ETHICS: Ethical systems which consider that the moral act itself has
moral value. For example, it is always right to tell the truth,
even if it may cause pain or harm.
Natural Moral Law includes ethical theories that state there is a natural order in our world that
should be followed. This natural order is determined by some supernatural power. Natural Law
as we understand it originated from Aristotle and was developed by Thomas Aquinas.…read more

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Human beings have an essential rational nature given by God in order for us to live and
flourish ­ from Aristotle and the Stoics.
2) Even without knowledge of God, reason can discover the laws that lead to human
flourishing ­ from Aristotle.
3) The Natural Laws are universal and unchangeable and should be used to judge the laws
of particular societies.…read more

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There is an `ideal' human nature that we can all live up to or fall
away from and our moral actions determine whether we achieve this or not. When humans act
in accordance with their true nature, they act in accordance with their final purpose, so both the
intention and the act are important and need to be correct. However, Aquinas did believe that
the act are important and need to be correct.…read more

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The laws of nature also express values. To be good is to follow our inbuilt purpose.
The laws of nature are rational so we can understand them by using our reason.
Morality is independent of religion and both the believer and the nonbeliever have to find
out how to live a moral life by listening to reason.
STRENGTHS OF NATURAL LAW
The basic principles of preserving human life, reproduction, learning and living in society
are common in all cultures and so Natural Law is reasonable.…read more

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Vardy and Grosch criticise the way Aquinas works from general principles to lesser
purposes and see his view of human nature as unholistic and too simplistic.…read more

Comments

Cameron Inwood

Hello - do you by any change have any notes similar to this on Utilitarianism or Christian/Situation ethics :)

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