Islam and Science

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Origin of the Universe

The science of modern cosmology, observational and theoretical, clearly indicates that, at one point in time, the whole universe was nothing but a cloud of ‘smoke’ (i.e. an opaque highly dense and hot gaseous composition). This is one of the undisputed principles of standard modern cosmology.  Scientists now can observe new stars forming out of the remnants of that ‘smoke’

The illuminating stars we see at night were, just as was the whole universe, in that ‘smoke’ material.  God has said in the Quran:

“Then He turned to the heaven when it was smoke...” (Quran 41:11)

Because the earth and the heavens above (the sun, the moon, stars, planets, galaxies, etc.) have been formed from this same ‘smoke,’ we conclude that the earth and the heavens were one connected entity.  Then out of this homogeneous ‘smoke,’ they formed and separated from each other. God has said in the Quran:

“Have not those who disbelieved known that the heavens and the earth were one connected entity, then We separated them?...” (Quran 21:30)

People and Animals

Islam and animals

"There is not an animal on earth, nor a bird that flies on its wings, but they are communities like you..." (Qur'an 6:38)

Muslims believe that:

  • all living creatures were made by Allah
  • Allah loves all animals
  • animals exist for the benefit of human beings
  • animals must be treated with compassion and kindness 

Muslims are instructed to avoid:

  • treating animals cruelly
  • over-working

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