Us versus Them
- Sherif: The Robber's cave, an experiment on intergroup conflict and co-operation
- 22 boys about 12 years old, from similar backgrounds with similar beliefs, the boys were well adjusted psychologically and deemed normal.
- When individuals having no established relationships come together to interact in group activities with common goals, they produce a group structure with hierarchial statuses and roles within it.
- If two in-groups are formed and come together under conditions of competition and group frustration, attitudes and hostile reactions will arise.
- The boys were selected and split into 2 equal groups - methods were taken to try and split them equally in terms of physical mental and social talents.
- They were then, as individual groups, picked up and taken to a 200 acre boy scouts of america camp surrounded by roberts cave park in Oklahoma.
The 2 groups named themselves: the RATTLERS and the EAGLES.
- Over the first 5/6 days 'first stage' the two groups of boys tended to individually create their own acceptance of common membership and their own status hierarchies.
- As each group became aware of the presence of the other group, feelings of group membership strengthened.
- Both groups insistently asked the camp staff (i.e researchers) to arrange some kind of competition against the other group.
- Friction between the group was facilitated…