Indian Ocean Tsunami 2004 Case study

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Indian Ocean Tsunami

Indonesia in 2004
HDI = 0.711 (The Encyclopaedia Of Earth)
GDP = 256 billion (The World Bank)
Literacy rate = 90.38% (index mundi)

Thailand in 2004
HDI = 0.784 (The Encyclopaedia Of Earth)
GDP = 161 billion (The World Bank)


Literacy rate = 63.02% (index mundi)

Key information and statistics

·         caused by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)

·         affected 18 countries in Southeast Asia and Southern Africa (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)

·         killed more than 250,000 people in a single day, and left more than 1.7 million homeless (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)

·         One of the places that was worst affected was Indonesia, where many people rely on tourism, which is also by the cost.

·         Earthquakes and tsunamis are unpredictable, so people can’t know when to evacuate.

·         They are all developing countries – the population is very high.

Short-term impacts (The Guardian)

·         Total estimated costs  = more than $4.4bn

·         230,000 people died

·         Destruction of property

·         Food loss

·         Overcrowded hospitals

Long-term impacts (The Guardian)

·         Severe damage has been inflicted on ecosystems such as mangroves, coral reefs,


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