Indian Ocean Tsunami
Indonesia in 2004
HDI = 0.711 (The Encyclopaedia Of Earth)
GDP = 256 billion (The World Bank)
Literacy rate = 90.38% (index mundi)
Thailand in 2004
HDI = 0.784 (The Encyclopaedia Of Earth)
GDP = 161 billion (The World Bank)
Literacy rate = 63.02% (index mundi)
Key information and statistics
· caused by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)
· affected 18 countries in Southeast Asia and Southern Africa (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)
· killed more than 250,000 people in a single day, and left more than 1.7 million homeless (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)
· One of the places that was worst affected was Indonesia, where many people rely on tourism, which is also by the cost.
· Earthquakes and tsunamis are unpredictable, so people can’t know when to evacuate.
· They are all developing countries – the population is very high.
Short-term impacts (The Guardian)
· Total estimated costs = more than $4.4bn
· 230,000 people died
· Destruction of property
· Food loss
· Overcrowded hospitals
Long-term impacts (The Guardian)