THE HUMANISTIC APPROACH
Maslow and Rogers are the two main psychologists who studied the humanistic approach.
- Reaching Self Actualisation - Reaching your full potential
- The humanistic approach is also known as the "third force in psychology" - it was a response to the dominant prospectives of psychodynamic and behaviourism psychology (these 2 approaches being the two main "forces" in psychology today)
Main Assumptions of the Humanistic Approach:
- Only concerned with indivdual's CONCIOUS experience
- Human beings are unique and should be valued as such
- HOLISTIC VIEW
- IDIOGRAPHIC VIEW
- Humans are active agents - they have FREE WILL
- Humans are INTENTIONAL - They seek meaning and value
- All Human beings have certain NEEDS -these needs must be met in order for the person to self actualise
- We are born with an innate tendency to self actualise
- People seek fuflilment through change and personal growth
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs:
- Maslow suggested that certiain needs have to be met in order to achieve our full potential or self actualisation. Maslow stated that people seek fulfilment and change through personal growth
-Physiological needs, safety needs, belongingness, love and esteem needs will therefore need to be met before supposedly being able to reach your full potential.
-Physiological, security, social, and esteem needs are deficiency needs meaning that these needs arise due to deprivation. - If these needs are not met, conditions such as mental illnesses - depression could occur.
-Maslow termed the highest-level of the pyramid as growth needs Growth needs do not stem from a lack of something, but rather from a…