Haloalkanes Continued

HideShow resource information

Nucleophilic Substitution

Halogen atoms are electronegative. Carbon-halogen bonds in haloalkanes are polar. The electrons in the C-X bond are attracted towards the halogen atom, which gains a slight negative charge (     ), leaving the carbon atom electron deficient, with a slight positive charge (    ).

 

The (   ) carbon can then be attacked by nucleophiles, i.e negative ions.

 

 

The rate of such reactions is

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Chemistry resources:

See all Chemistry resources »See all Functional Groups resources »