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Organic Chemistry Notes
Test: 21.3.13

Hydrocarbons

Saturated: S i
ng le bonds
o nly

Unsaturated: D ou bl
e ca r
b on carbon
bond s.

Alkanes: C nH2n+2
Alkenes (Polar): CnH2n

P l
anar
Mo lec ul
e s
B ond
an gl
es r
ou g hl
y…

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Electrophiles: a positively charged particle that can accept a pair of electrons to
form a covalent bond.


Electrophilic Addition: A l
kene
+ HX H a l
o alka ne
(R oom T emp )








A l
k ene +
H aloge n D ihal
oa l
kane (R oom…

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Free Radical Substitution: A lkan e
+
H aloge n H al
o alkane + H yd r
o g en
Hal
ide









Elimination Reaction: Haloal
ka ne + K O H Alke ne + Ha l
oge n +
Wa t
e r







Addition Polymerisation: Alkenes are joined together…

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H ydra t
ion
o f
ethane:
E th ene + S t
ea m Etha nol (
300o
c
/
60 AT /
H3PO 4 c
a t
alyst
)
C 2H4 (g) + H2O
(g) C 2H 5O H (l)
(VE R Y PU R E E THAN…

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