Gillis And Nafekh
Aim - To investigate the effect on recidivism (re-offending) rates of a community based employment scheme.
Participants - 23,525 federal offenders conditionally released between january 1998 and january 2005, of which 95% were men and the rest women. All were Canadian inmates who were about to be released, having completed their sentence. In their prison it was possible to start an employment programme in the final months of the sentence.
Design - A matched pairs design was used where offenders were divided into those employed prior to release on a special programme and those who were unemployed. They were then matched for gender, risk level, release year, sentence length, family/marital relations, substance…