From restoration to revolution 1660-1688

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From Restoration to Revolution 1660-88

  • Declaration of Breda set terms for kings return and therefore the return was unconditional
  • 1661 election produced royalist majority and following Venner rising it sought revenge not reconciliation
  • Main features of new settlement: Parliament, Church, King and parties, government
    • Effects:
      • Weaken restrictions on kings power and undermine clarity achieved by convention parliament eg militia act 1661 and revised Triennial acts 1664
      • Renewed religious conflicts eg 1661 savoy house meeting and 1662 act of uniformity
      • Creation of non conformists- dissent became significant religious and political influence
  • Charles and finance: he lacked independence from parliaments as heart tax proved disappointing (only one third of £260,000 collected)
    Conflicts between King and Parliament
  • series of contradictions exists from outset
    • Charles claimed rule by divine right but he hadn't
    • Parliament provided King with income insufficient to be independent, which undermined kings power
    • Charles had shown a desire for a tolerant church which was denied by parliament
    • Political nation was suspicious…

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