The working class consistently perform far worse in exams than the higher class pupils, this could be for many reasons as shown above
Sociologists have identified 3 groups into which all these factors affecting education can be placed:
- Material Factors
- Cultural Factors
- Factors within school
Material factors explain how social and economic situations can affect a child’s development.
- Douglas found that poor housing conditions (i.e not enough space) can lead to lower attainment
- Poorer diet of working class families can lead to damaged cognitive development
- Low income means books and resources can’t be brought
- Difficult to be able to afford higher education (travel and fees) – especially with raised tuition fees and cuts to EMA
- Poorer families might not be able to send child to pre-school which can help development and thus attainment
- Pupils from poorer families are more likely to have part-time jobs as they can’t afford not too, this takes time away from studies
- Many schools rely on donations from parents, if the school is in a less-affluent area they will receive less money and provide a worse education, affecting childs attainment
These factors will normally coincide with the others, leading to one, much greater, problem.
Cultural factors are things like values, attitudes, languages etc. If a child is in a social group deprived of these factors he could underachieve.
- Douglas said the most important factor affecting a childs attainment was parental interest in the child’s education. This is because if the parents lacks this they wouldn’t be…