Ethnic differences in achievement- external factors

  • Cultural deprivation 
    • language 
      • Black Caribbean students may speak creole (slang) which disadvantages them
    • attitudes and values
      • may be socialised into Sugarman's values (fatalism etc) which is not the 'right' mindset for educational success
    • family structure
      • many black families are led by single mothers
      • a lack of male role models may cause anti-school ideas in Black boys
    • Asian families
      • more likely to be strong against racism. Black Caribbeans are less cohesive and resistant to racism
      • Lupton - benefit from the Asian work ethic. 
    • Sewell - fathers, gangs and culture 
      • Black boys often lack fatherly nurturing and turn to gangs…


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