Environmental approaches: Offenders
1. Shaw and Mackay
This states that crime can be a result of social disorganisation.
Many migrants arrive and often move into the worse parts of the city. This leads to a high population turnover so the level of informal social control between residents is weak.
Cultural transmission: Social disorganisation leads to criminal values becoming acceptable and provides criminal role models
Argued about differential association
If people associate with law breakers then they too shall become law breakers
Criticise Shaw and Mackay by stating theory is too vague
Argued about Tipping
Most estates have a cultural mix of values and attitudes
Anti-social minority can drive away the law abiding residents, so the estate will…