Environmental approaches to crime

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  • Created by: lottiem98
  • Created on: 21-06-16 10:50

Environmental approaches: Offenders

1. Shaw and Mackay

This states that crime can be a result of social disorganisation.

Many migrants arrive and often move into the worse parts of the city. This leads to a high population turnover so the level of informal social control between residents is weak.

Cultural transmission: Social disorganisation leads to criminal values becoming acceptable and provides criminal role models 

2. Sutherland

Argued about differential association

If people associate with law breakers then they too shall become law breakers

Criticise Shaw and Mackay by stating theory is too vague


Argued about Tipping 

Most estates have a cultural mix of values and attitudes 

Anti-social minority can drive away the law abiding residents, so the estate will


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