English Glossary 5
Phrasal verb – A verb made up of a main verb and a particle (an adverb).
Piano – A term used to describe speech that is articulated quietly.
Portmanteau word – A word formed by combining two or more words (i.e. “slithy” meaning “lithe” and “slimy” in Lewis Carroll’s fantasy poem Jabberwocky).
Post-modification – Lexical items that follow the head in a phrase (the path down the mountain).
Pragmatics – The study of how context influences a speaker’s or writer’s lexical choices.
Prefix – A bound morpheme that occurs before a free morpheme (un-,re-,dis-).
Progressive – An aspect used to describe an event which is in progress. It is made up of to be + present participle (the girl is eating, the girl was eating).
Prosodic features – The use of pitch, volume, pace and rhythm to draw attention to key elements of spoken language.
Pun – Word play which uses the different meanings of a word or two words with similar forms and different meanings for comic effect.
Rallentando – A term used to describe speech that is getting slower.
Reflexive pronoun – A grammatical function word ending in –self or –selves in which the subject and object are directly related (I cut myself).
Register – A variety of language defined according to use. It can be described in terms of mode (speech or writing format); manner (participants, levels of formality); and field (content).
Relative pronoun – A grammatical function…