English glossary 3

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English Glossary 3

 

Accelerando – A term used to describe speech that is getting faster.

Accent – A set of distinctive pronunciations that mark regional or social identity.

Acronym – Word formed from the initial letter of a multi-word name like CLIC.

Active Voice – A grammatical structure in which the subject is the actor of the sentence.

Adjacency – A pair or two utterances that follow on from one another in a logical sequence, like Q&A.

Affix – A morpheme which is attached to other words to create new words (un – child – like) or to mark a grammatical relationship (go – ing).

Allegro – A term used to describe speech that is articulated quickly.

Allusion – A subtle reference to a topic, writer or relevant element of another literary work. Many literary writers have employed allusions to revered or influential works and writers of the past, often when dealing with complex themes and delicate contemporary issues.

Ambiguous – The term used to describe a word phrase, clause or sentence with multiple meanings.

Anapaest – A unit of poetic metre made up of two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable.

Appropriate – A term used to describe any language use that is seen as suitable for the context in which it occurs.

Attitude – The set of views or general outlook on life of a person or group.

Audience – Any group of people who are the intended recipients of particular mode of language (i.e. theatre goers, radio listeners, a magazine readership etc.).

Back channelling – Feedback noises or brief utterances from a listener.

Bound morpheme – A morpheme that can only occur in words attached to other morphemes (un-, -ing)

Cataphoric – A form of referencing in which a pronoun or noun phrase points forwards to something mentioned later in a discourse. (It was a lovely day, a day to remember).

Comment clause – A commonly occurring clause which adds a remark to another clause in parenthesis

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