Distinctive Landscapes


Distinctive Landscapes

All diagrams are in my first geography book

Landscapes are the visible features that make up the surface of the land. The elements that make landscapes are: 

- Natural

Soils, Land Forms, Water, Clouds, Geology, Climate

- Biological 

Vegetation, trees, Habitat, Wildlife, Birds

- Human

Agriculture, Buildings, Industry, Man-made structures, Infrastructurre, Communication

- Variables

Colour, Smells, Temporary elements, Sounds, Weather

Landscape Scales:

-Local (City park)

-Regional (A range of hills that spread into serveral UK countries)

-National (Seen accross the whole or most of a county 


Built landscapes are landscapes that have lots of human features. This can include trees that have been placed by hand. 

A natural landscapes has no man-made features and lots of biological and natural features. 

Landform- Any physical features on the Earth's surface that ha a characteristic, recognisable shape and is produced by natural causes. 

Lowlands- Land below 200m high 

Midland- Land 201-600m high

Mountain-Land 601m+ 

Every 100m you go, it drops 1 degree c

Geology is the study of rocks. Geology rocks!

There are 3 types of rocks:

Igneous rocks

Sedimentary rocks

Metamorphic rocks

Climate- The long term average weather, estimated from data over 30 years which an area has experienced over time. 

Geomorphic process- Changing the shape of the Earth 

Diurnal- Daily 

Farming is a major impact on the landscapes;

It impacts:

-The types of vegetation that grows

-Depth and health of soil

-Drainage patterns 

-Ability to travel throughout an area

Landscapes are looked after in different scales:

Mircro scale- looking after your garden

Local scale- cutting grass, trimming hedges 

Regional and national scales- protecting an SSSI 

SSSI- Site of Special Scientific Internest 

AONB- Area of Outsanding Natural Beauty 

Urban- a built landscape

Rural-  a natural landscape

Suburban- A landscape on the edge of a town that has both physical and human features

In situ- Without being moved by a glacier or river

Weathering- When rocks are broken down by in situ by physical processes

Weathering can either be mechanical, biological or chemical.

Erosion- When


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