- Created by: Josh Steele
- Created on: 12-01-17 17:08
All diagrams are in my first geography book
Landscapes are the visible features that make up the surface of the land. The elements that make landscapes are:
Soils, Land Forms, Water, Clouds, Geology, Climate
Vegetation, trees, Habitat, Wildlife, Birds
Agriculture, Buildings, Industry, Man-made structures, Infrastructurre, Communication
Colour, Smells, Temporary elements, Sounds, Weather
-Local (City park)
-Regional (A range of hills that spread into serveral UK countries)
-National (Seen accross the whole or most of a county
Built landscapes are landscapes that have lots of human features. This can include trees that have been placed by hand.
A natural landscapes has no man-made features and lots of biological and natural features.
Landform- Any physical features on the Earth's surface that ha a characteristic, recognisable shape and is produced by natural causes.
Lowlands- Land below 200m high
Midland- Land 201-600m high
Every 100m you go, it drops 1 degree c
Geology is the study of rocks. Geology rocks!
There are 3 types of rocks:
Climate- The long term average weather, estimated from data over 30 years which an area has experienced over time.
Geomorphic process- Changing the shape of the Earth
Farming is a major impact on the landscapes;
-The types of vegetation that grows
-Depth and health of soil
-Ability to travel throughout an area
Landscapes are looked after in different scales:
Mircro scale- looking after your garden
Local scale- cutting grass, trimming hedges
Regional and national scales- protecting an SSSI
SSSI- Site of Special Scientific Internest
AONB- Area of Outsanding Natural Beauty
Urban- a built landscape
Rural- a natural landscape
Suburban- A landscape on the edge of a town that has both physical and human features
In situ- Without being moved by a glacier or river
Weathering- When rocks are broken down by in situ by physical processes
Weathering can either be mechanical, biological or chemical.