A01: Selman'76 theory of perspective taking (8)
- Adapted from Kohlberg's and Eisenberg's theories to investigate moral and pro-social development to the study of perspective taking.
Undifferentiated (egocentric) perspective taking (3-6):
- Can distinguish between self and others but can't distinguish between thoughts and feelings of self and others.
- Can identify emotional states but cannot link it to social behaviour that caused them.
Social-informational perspective-taking (6-8):
- Able to seperate perspectives of others from their own.
- Can only identify one perspective at a time rather than mixing different viewpoints.
Self-reflective perspective taking (8-10):
- Able to put themselves in the position of others.
- Still only one perspective at a time.
Mutual perspective taking (10-12):
- Able to look a situation from their own perspective and others at the same time. Mutually and simutaneously and can view from 3rd person perspective.
Social and conventional system of perspective taking (12+):
- Understanding that others viewpoints is not sufficient to reach an agreement and thats why agreed social conventions are needed to keep order.
- Durkin'95 believed that the extent to which…