Psychological positivism- explanations that focuson the personality, psychological makeup and learning processes of individuals.
Psychodynamic theory- Freud. Id, Ego and Superego. Harsh/deviant/weak superego's are the main sources of crime.
3 claims of the psychodynamic theories:
> socialisation depends on the internalisation of society's rules during childhood
> impaired parent-infant relationships are causally related to later criminal behaviour
> unconscious conflicts arise from disturbed family relationships at different stages of development- esp. Odipal stage-…