How we characterise Criminology as a subject

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What is criminology?

  • A rendez-vous disciplin
  • Understanding crime construction
  • Explanations for why people commit crime
  • Societal responses to crime (time, crime)
  • Criminal Justice
  • Epistemology- the theory of knowledge with regards to methods, validity, and the distinction between justified belief and opinion.

Definition of crime?

  • Crime is defined by religious doctrine
  •  the laws of the state
  •  a social construction
  •  any action which contravenes basic human rights

Crime is about people and behaviour- complex- no single theory- engaging with moral and ethical questions.

Naturalistic perspectives: behaviour is an inherited disposition (bio)

Individual perspectives:

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