- Created by: Burney7
- Created on: 03-06-21 17:28
The Need for the League of Nations
Who joined the League of Nations?
It was founded by 42 members and rose to 58 in 1934. There were four permanent members of the council, Britain, France, Italy and Japan.
Who didn’t join the League of Nations?
- Russia was not allowed to join because of its new Communist government.
- Countries who had lost the war were not allowed to join like Germany at first. After the Locarno Treaty in 1926, Germany was allowed to join the League.
- The US Senate had refused to agree because they wanted to stick to isolationism.
Where was the League based?
Geneva, Switzerland. Switzerland had not been involved in the war, so was a peaceful country. The Red Cross was also based there.
Why was the League formed?
- To stop war from breaking out again
- To encourage disarmament
- To improve working conditions
- To tackle deadly diseases
How was peace going to be kept in the League?
- Collective security: all countries working together for peace
- Set up an international court called the Permanent Court of International Justice
- Mitigation: working together to solve problems
- Moral condemnation
- Economic sanctions: not trade with warring countries
However, the League had no real power as it had no army
Structure of the League of Nations
- International parliament
- Representatives of countries
- Met once a year
- Vote decisions had to be unanimous
- Decided if a country can join, elect judges to the court, decide how the Leagues money is spent.
- Civil Service of the League: in charge of administration and organising action
- Experts from different areas carrying out decisions taken by the League
- Met more frequently than the Assembly
- Four permanent members (Britain, France, Italy, Japan)
- Four non-permanent members (later increased to 9) sat on the council for a 3 year term
- Had the power of veto (stop a ruling with its vote)
Permanent Court of Justice
- Settle international arguments
- 11 judges and 4 deputy judges
- No compulsory ruling (no way to enforce)
- Court elected every 11 years
- International Labour Organisation
- Disarmament Commission
- Health Organisation
- Slavery Commission
- Commission of Refugees
- Permanent Central Opium Board
Strengths of the League
Written into all peace treaties at the end of the war
Had a vast membership
Economic sanctions and moral condemnation were large punishments as there were so many countries
Weaknesses of the League
Many important countries weren’t in the League like the USA, undermining the global organisation
The League had no army
Structure was complicated and hard to understand
Decisions had to be unanimous, decision-making was slow
Success of the League in the 20s
Vilna (Lithuania), 1920
- People in Vila wanted to be Polish
- Poland invaded
- League was asked for help by Lithuania
- France saw Poland as an ally so the League did nothing (League controlled by France)
Upper Silesia (Germany, Poland), 1921-25
- was important to iron and steel with Germans and Poles
- Plebiscite was held, Germany…