Module 2.2 Biological Molecules: Carbohydrates - Sugar
Monosaccharides: the simplest carbohydrates. They're soluble in water and insoluble in non-polar solvents. An example is glucose - a monosaccharide hexose sugar.
Disaccharide: made whent two monosaccharides join together. They're sweet and soluble.
- a-glucose + a-glucose --> maltose
- b-glucose + b-glucose --> cellobiose
- a-glucose + fructose --> sucrose
- b-galactose + a-glucose --> lactose
Breaking + Making Bonds
Breaking bonds = hydrolysis (addition of water molecules)
Making bonds = condensation (removal of water molecules)
- Hexose sugar, a component of starch and glycogen.
- A-glucose = above so the hydrogen molecule on C1 is above the carbon.
- A-glucose = animals so it is a component of…