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Carbohydrates


Carbon atoms form bonds with other carbon atoms, allowing a sequence of carbon
atoms of various lengths to be built up to form a "backbone" where other atoms can
be attached.
Carbon-containing molecules are known as organic molecules.
Many organic molecules, including carbohydrates, are made up of a chain…

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Test for Reducing Sugars


All monosaccharides and some disaccharides (maltose) are reducing sugars.
Reduction is a chemical reaction involving the gain of electrons.
A reducing sugar is a sugar that can donate electrons to another chemical.
The test for a reducing sugar is known as the Benedict's reagent. Benedict's reagent…

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Polysaccharides


Polymers, formed by combining together many monosaccharide molecules which are joined
by gylcosidic bonds formed by condensation reactions
They are very large molecules so are insoluble and suitable for storage.
When hydrolysed, polysaccharides break down into disaccharides or monosaccharides.
Some polysaccharides are not used for storage but give structural…

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