C3.4 - Soaps and detergents

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  • Created by: Chris
  • Created on: 22-05-10 21:02

Surfactants lower the water’s surface tension. They have a hydrophobic and hydrophilic part. When an ester reacts with an alkali you get soap this is sponification.

Soaps form cum in hard water areas because of Calcium and Magnesium ions. When the soap is added to hard…


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