C3.4 - Soaps and detergents

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  • Created by: Chris
  • Created on: 22-05-10 21:02

Surfactants lower the water’s surface tension. They have a hydrophobic and hydrophilic part. When an ester reacts with an alkali you get soap this is sponification.

Soaps form *** in hard water areas because of Calcium and Magnesium ions. When the soap is added to hard…


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