BREAST CANCER: develops when a single cell or group of cells begins to multiply out of control and forms a tumour.


  • unclear
  • if you've previously had breast cancer, there is higher risk of developing it again
  • risk increases for a woman who has certain types of benign breast lumps
  • a woman whose mother, sister or daughter has had breast cancer is 2 or 3 times more likely to develop the disease
  • particular genes known as BRCA1 and BRCA2 can increase your risk of developing a breast cancer
  • women over 50 who have been through the menopause/overweight/obese
  • the female hormone oestrogen
  • high alcohol intake
  • the medical procedure that use radiation: x-rays, CT scans etc
  • the use of the contraceptive pill


  • lump- may not be seen, but might be felt: hard like a marble but usually really hard. these lumps may be located in the breast, upper chest or armpit.
  • skin texture e.g. dimpling or puckering of the breast- one breast might become larger/lower than the other. the breast may look red or inflamed. 
  • appearance or direction of the ******- one might become inverted when it normally points out
  • ****** discharge- one or both ******s might have discharge
  • rush or crusting around the ******



  • hair loss- chemotherapy by attacking hair follicle cells
  • menstrual changes- treatments can disrupt normal hormone production. the person may experience: night sweats, hot flashes, joint pain, weight pain, a loss of…


No comments have yet been made