Biological and Psychological Approaches to Psychopathology

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OVERVIEW OF THE FOUR MODELS OF ABNORMALITY

  • The Biological Approach
  • A biological psychologist explains abnormal behaviour in terms of abnormal biology... mental disorder is a conclusion of biological systems malfunctioning.
  • Treatment should repair faulty systems using somatic therapies; drugs, ECT and psychosurgery.
  • Also called the medical model, treats abnormality as a physical condition. Widely accepted! They are to be treated much like physical illnesses.
  • The Psychodynamic Approach
  • Explain behaviour in terms of its dynamics; Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality is the best known example. 
  • Freud was the first to challenge the medical model, claiming mental disorders were…

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