(b) Using named examples, assess the extent to which the development of transboundary water sources always leads to conflict. (15)
- Always leads to conflict? what kind of conflict? between who? why? is this similar with all examples?
Water supply is a geopolitical issue and water diplomacies are put in place to avoid conflict. Water treaties are negotiated to create equal water supply, distribution and use for all stakeholders involved. This can be international or regional, involving several stakeholders who wish to use the same resource.
The helenski rules is a general agreement that all international water treaties must include concepts such as 'equatible use' and 'equatible share'. The criteria for water sharing is based upon several factors such as; social and evironmental impacts, natural factors and impacts downstream.
The tension between India and Bangladesh is an example of how transboundray water source can lead to international conflict. In 1974 India opend the Farakka barrage not far from the banglashi border, which allows them to controll the amount of water flowing into Bangladesh. India also built a series of dams, where water is diverted for irrigation schemes. India is also responsible for much ofthe pollution of the Ganges, as the river is used to carry wastewater created by industrial and domestic sources. This has several negative impacts for Bangladesh and has created tension. Bangladesh suffers from water deficiency and pollution. The agricultural industry is suffering as there is little water available for…