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Kieran Podbury
St Benedicts Catholic Upper School
13FRA

Superpower notes (Geography)
Defining a superpower
A superpower is a country with a dominant position in the international system.
They have the ability to influence events in their own interests and project power on a worldwide
scale to protect their interests. A…

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Kieran Podbury
St Benedicts Catholic Upper School
13FRA
The USA was able to go through industrialization due to having the largest coal rescue in the
world.
The land area of a nation can also enable a superpower to develop as it provides space for
industry and agriculture. An example of…

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Kieran Podbury
St Benedicts Catholic Upper School
13FRA


Changing superpowers
The British imperial era and its collapse (Uni-polar world)

At its peak, it controlled 23% of the world's surface. More than 458 million people were
brought under the control of the British Empire this made up an estimated 25% of…

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Kieran Podbury
St Benedicts Catholic Upper School
13FRA
After WWII, Germany was left in ruins. The victorious allies that occupied it split it into four
parts. One part was given to the United Kingdom, one part to France, one part to the
United States, and the eastern part was occupied…

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Kieran Podbury
St Benedicts Catholic Upper School
13FRA
Naval modernisation and expansion has been especially vigorous. The PLA Navy (PLAN) now has
around 190 "major combatants", vessels mostly designed and built in China. In terms of size, it
is on course to overtake the American navy by 2020--though it will…

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Kieran Podbury
St Benedicts Catholic Upper School
13FRA


China Vs USA

A weaker USA? A more influential China?
Vulnerability to terrorist attacks, such The 2008 Beijing Olympic games were a
as 9/11. These attacks remove the showcase of Chinese culture and
veneer of invincibility from the US. technological prowess.
Growing…

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Kieran Podbury
St Benedicts Catholic Upper School
13FRA



Economic

India's Finance Ministry outlined that the country's economic growth could accelerate to as
much as 8.5% in 2016 which could make it the world's fastest-growing large economy as
China's expansion continues to slow.
"China has hit a demographic trap. But India's…

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Kieran Podbury
St Benedicts Catholic Upper School
13FRA
bombers. Russia is also believed to have some 2,000 nonstrategic (also referred to as tactical,
theater, or battlefield) nuclear warheads.
Russia's military budget is believed to be close to $90 billion for 2013, the Russian military
budget has more than doubled over…

Page 9

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Kieran Podbury
St Benedicts Catholic Upper School
13FRA
As of 2011, the Brazilian Navy has a reported strength of 60.000 active personnel, of which
approximately 15.000 are naval infantry, the marines, and 1.150 are from the Brazilian
Naval Aviation. It consists of 112 ships, including an aircraft-carrier, and 81 aircrafts.…

Page 10

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Kieran Podbury
St Benedicts Catholic Upper School
13FRA

Compare the level of human and economic development in China and India (15 marks) Booklet




Theoretical frameworks explaining the relationship between
superpowers and rest of the world
Theory Who came up How does it How does it explain Limitations
with the theory…

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