COMPLETE Energy Security notes

These are the complete full notes for the Energy Security topic with case studies. I've created this from multiple sources, including 2 geography textbooks and various other resources I've found online so it could be as detailed as possible. I did copy and paste some information when I got a bit lazy so there could be repeated information in some parts. Sorry for any typos! Please let me know if there are any or if there are any mistakes. Enjoy :)

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ENERGY SECURITY
CONTENTS
EQ 1: To what extent is the world `energy secure' at present?
Types of energy sources and environmental costs
Global distribution of energy sources, supply, use and poverty
Global distribution of energy sources
Global energy consumption
Moving to modern energy source
Factors that affect energy supply and use
Energy poverty
Future trends
Energy Security
Impact of geopolitics on energy security
Risks to energy security
Measuring energy security
EQ 2: What are the potential impacts of an increasingly `energy insecure' world?
Energy pathways
Oil and gas
Coal
Risks of disruption
Looking for more energy
Players in the energy game
Energy TNCs e.g. Shell
OPEC
EQ 3: What might the world's energy future be?
Future uncertainties
Responses to increasing energy demands
Buisness as usual
Multi energy solution
Energy conservation
Energy insecurity and geopolitical tensions
OPEC and the rising price of oil
Meeting future energy needs
Carrot and stick
Radical new technologies

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EQ 1: TO WHAT EXTENT IS THE WORLD `ENERGY SECURE' AT PRESENT?
Classify energy sources ­ renewable flows, nonrenewable stocks, recyclable sources.…read more

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HEP Uses natural Water supply impacts Flooding vast areas ­ leads to
Renewable features Water must be pumped decaying vegetation, methane and
Lasts many decades back to the top co2 emissions Sedimentation in rivers
Droughts downstream reduced = fertiliser use
Lakes formed increases
behind dams can be Earthquakes may weaken
used recreationally dams
and for irrigation Costly to build
Geothermal Can be used as Highly concentrated
Renewable primary energy for geographic potential
district heating Risk of tectonic activity
Sulphuric gas emissions
Biofuel Can replace Effect…read more

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Energy consumption: refers to availably and use of energy
Energy transition: Moving from traditional energy sources (biomass) of modern sources (fossil fuels) as a result of development
GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF ENERGY SOURCES
The physical geography of a location largely determines the distribution of energy resources. Where reserves of coal, oil and gas
are, is purely a matter of incidence: an accident of millions of years of geological processes from the remains of fossilised living
organisms.…read more

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Glacial valleys
However, the drawback of its high latitudinal extent means that it's solar potential is relatively low in comparison with
other parts of the world.…read more

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MEDCs:
The USA shows huge demands for energy resources
Germany and UK have improved their energy efficiency resulting in a modest increase in demand compared with NICs
MOVING TO MODERN ENERGY SOURCE
As incomes increase in developing countries, poor families can afford more modern appliances. These in turn demand more and
better energy supplies.…read more

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USA the installed cost
is around US$55 per MWh, almost the same as coal and gas.
o Some countries, such as Mali appear to have no fossil fuel reserves but their potential for solar power is enormous.…read more

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Ruralurban migration in China is 8.…read more

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FUTURE TRENDS
Energy demand projected to grow by 50% between 2005 and 2030.
Growth is expected to be 0.7% per year in the developed nations of the world, but in the emerging economies of the BRICs and
other such nations, growth is supposed to exceed 2.5%. Coal use increased by 17% per year from 20022005 in China as the country
tried to meet the exponential demand for power.…read more

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