THE CARDIAC CYCLE: an ongoing sequence of contraction (systole) and relaxation (diastole) of the atria and ventricles that keeps blood continuously circulating around the body.
1. VENTRICULAR DIASTOLE, ATRIAL SYSTOLE.
- Ventricles relaxed. Atria contracts, increasing pressure inside the chamber. Blood is pushed into the ventricles.
- Slight increase in ventricular pressure as they received blood from contracting atria.
2. VENTRICULAR SYSTOLE, ATRIAL DIASTOLE.
- Atria relaxes, and ventricles contract: this increases pressure.
- Pressure becomes higher in ventricles than atria - AV valves shut to prevent back-flow.
- Pressure also higher than in aorta and pulmonary artery. SL valves open, and blood is pushed out.
3. VENTRICULAR DIASTOLE, ATRIAL DIASTOLE.
- Ventricles and atria relax. High pressure in aorta and pulmonary artery closes SV valves to prevent back-flow. Blood returns to heart and atria fill due to…