AQA PSYA3 - Biological Rhythms - Techniques used in Sleep Research

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Most sleep research is carried out in sleep laboratories where scientific equipment can be used:

EEGs measure electrical activity in the brain, provide quantitative reports (easy to compare), are highly reliable and sleep stages can be easily identified.

EOGs measure electrical activity of the eyes - would help to identify REM sleep

EMGs measure electrical activity of the muscles - would identify loss of muscle tone in REM sleep

Other techniques used in sleep labs:

Self reports get participants to recall dreams or estimate length of dreams, emotions or level of alertness upon being woken. Good for getting information that…


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