AQA - Prejudice & Discrimination Revision

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  • Created by: meganj99
  • Created on: 29-03-15 21:06

Religious Studies Revision – Life Issues

Prejudice & Discrimination

 

 

Key Terms;

Ageism- discrimination on the grounds of being old, middle-aged or young

Community- people who work and live together so that everyone benefits

Discrimination- putting prejudiced thoughts into action

Equality- where everyone has the same value and importance

Harmony- to live peacefully with understanding and respect

Homophobia- discrimination on the grounds of sexuality

Justice- to treat people fairly

Positive Discrimination- benefits given to those who usually face negative discrimination

Prejudice- pre judge someone without evidence, negative thoughts

Racism- discrimination on the grounds of ethnicity/race

Religious Prejudice- prejudice on the grounds of faith or belief which can lead to discrimination

Sexism- discrimination on the grounds of being male or female

Tolerance- to accept people’s differences

Minority Rights- small groups within a society, laws exist to give these groups protection and rights and larger groups may discriminate against them

Multiculturalism- racial/social harmony brought by having many cultures within a society who understand and accept each other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TYPES OF PREJUDICE;

Racism e.g. calling someone names because of the colour of their skin

Ageism e.g. not listening to someone’s opinion because of their age

Sexism e.g. refusing someone a job because of their gender

Homophobia e.g. someone being attacked because the attacker thinks they are gay

Religious Prejudice e.g. killing people of a certain faith because of what they believe

 

CAUSES OF PREJUDICE;

Upbringing – parents’ attitudes against a certain group are also believed by their children, so that the children behave in an unfair way towards that group of people

Bad experience – a bad experience with someone from a certain group may affect a person’s attitudes to others in the same group, leading to the belief that “they are all like that”

Media – biased coverage of an event may make someone form prejudiced attitudes, because they believe what the media said and take it as true for everyone in that group

Ignorance – judging someone or a group of people in a negative way without having any real knowledge about them

Scapegoating – blaming others as an excuse for a problem

 

HOW IS IT SHOWN?

Verbal – making a comment/joke

Physical – violent action towards a person

Abuse of Property – negative graffiti slogans

Discrimination by action – not employing someone and bullying

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EFFECTS OF DISCRIMINATION;

 

POSITIVE

NEGATIVE

 -feelings of determination and being proud of who you are

 

-sense of community as people fight against discrimination

 

-sense of purpose

 

-can provide jobs and support to people under-represented in areas of society

 

-balancing up society, for example making sure all groups are fairly treated and represented in all aspects of society

-emotionally, feeling left out, lonely, depressed and even suicidal

 

-isolation within a community

 

-physically driven out the community

 

-sense of injustice

 

-loss of property and possessions

 

-death, the most extreme form

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