- Created by: Elliemaybl
- Created on: 04-02-20 16:22
Acidification - The gradual reduction of pH of the oceans, due to dissolving carbon
dioxide from the atmosphere.
Afforestation - Planting trees and vegetation in the aim of increasing forest cover.
Anticyclone - A system of high pressure, causing high temperatures and
unseasonably high evaporation rates.
Aquifer - A permeable or porous rock which stores water.
Biofuel - Burning crops and vegetation for electricity and heat.
Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS) - The capture of carbon dioxide emissions
directly from the factory, pumped into disused mines rather than being released into
Carbon Fluxes - The movement of carbon between stores.
Carbon Neutral - A process that has no net addition of carbon dioxide to the
Carbon Stores - Places where carbon accumulates for a period of time such as
rocks and plant matter.
Channel Flow - Water flowing in a rivulet, stream or river.
Choke Points - Points in the logistics of energy and fuel that are prone to restriction.
Combustion - The process of burning a substance, in the presence of oxygen, to
Convectional Precipitation - Solar radiation heats the air above the ground,
causing it to rise, cool & condense forming precipitation (often as thunderstorms).
Cryosphere - The global water volume locked up within a frozen state (i.e. snow and
Decomposition - The break down of matter, often by a decomposer which releases
carbon dioxide through their own respiration.
Depression - A system of low pressure, with fronts of precipitation where low and
high pressure air masses meet.
Desalination Plant - The conversion of seawater to freshwater, suitable for human
Desublimation - The change of state of water from gas to solid, without being a
liquid (the opposite process to sublimation).
Drainage Basin - The area of land drained by a river and its tributaries.
Drainage Density - The total length of all rivers & streams divided by the area of the
Drought - An extended period of deficient rainfall relative to the statistical average
for the region (UN).
Economic Water Scarcity - When water resources are available but insufficient
economic wealth limits access to it.
Energy Mix - The composition of a country’s energy sources.
Energy Security - The ownership and full control of a country’s energy source,
production and transportation.
Energy Pathway - The movement of energy from its extraction or source, through
pipes, freight logistics or cabling.
Energy Players - Key companies and individuals who own, distribute and sell
energy and energy sources.
Enhanced Greenhouse Effect - The build-up of greenhouse gases in the
atmosphere, reducing the amount of solar radiation reflected into space.
ENSO Cycles - El Niño Southern Oscillations - naturally occurring phenomena that
involves the movement of warm water in the Equatorial Pacific.
Evapotranspiration - The combined total moisture transferred from the Earth to the
atmosphere, through evaporation and transpiration.
Frontal Precipitation - Where air masses of different temperatures meet at a front,
one mass will be forced over another, causing precipitation…