Application of theories in care settings for adults

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People who use these care settings may show challenging behaviour because of the fear of an unknown situation. They may be aggressive, uncooperative, emotional and anxious. Care settings include; residential homes, care homes, day care centres, doctors surgeries, secure units, hospital etc.

Psychodynamic approach; The person showing the challenging behaviour may be reminded of a past situation that was upsetting or stressful they have been in or the carer may remind them of someone from their past who caused them stress or unhappiness. The service user would then transfer these emotions and negative feelings from the past into the current situation. These feelings stem from an unhappy childhood. A detailed explanation for this behaviour could only be found from psychoanalytic therapy. 

Biological approach; This theory would state that the person has the physiological tendency of aggression already in their personality. The person displaying this aggressive or challenging behaviour may be 'tough minded' and not worried about how they impact other people. Issues like low blood pressure, physical illness, hunger, stress or tiredness could also effect his behaviour and how we respond to other people.

Humanist approach; The service provider should try to understand the service users aggression and encourage them to talk about their needs and…


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