Ancient philosophical influence

PLATO'S UNDERSTANDING OF REALITY

  • Reality consits of the (physical) world of phenomena, and the world of concepts (forms)
  • The physical world is known through sense experience (empiracal observation) = can be misleading. The world of forms is known through reason = more certainty
  • Physical world is always changing, Forms are unchanging (superior) = forms will have a lasting certainty that knowledge about the physical world can never have

THE FORMS

  • The forms are concepts, they are ideals and universals that we can use to help us understand the world. Example- if we understand whiteness as a concept, then we can recognise white things when we see them.
  • Plato thought that is the highest form was good. Philosophy leads us to a recognition of the true goodness therefore philosophers…

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