WJEC A Level Christianity - Theme 1 keywords

Accommodation
To adapt/fit/suit/adjust - as in God accommodating their self to speak to humans
1 of 53
Annunciation
Gabriel's announcement to Mary - in Luke's Gospel
2 of 53
Apocrypha
Greek word meaning "hidden" - applied positively to books that were thought of as containing hidden wisdom or negatively to books of unknown origin and considered to be of questionable value
3 of 53
Apocryphal Gospels
Writings about Jesus not accepted by the Church
4 of 53
Apostle
Messenger/Ambassador - the name given to those sent by Jesus to proclaim his good news
5 of 53
Apostolic Fathers
Theologians of the 2nd century taught or heavily influenced by the 12 Apostles
6 of 53
Ascetic
One who lives a sparse and disciplined lifestyle
7 of 53
Attestation
Evidence presented in support of a claim
8 of 53
Betrothed
Engaged to be married
9 of 53
Birth Narratives
Accounts of Jesus' birth in Matthew 1:18-2:23 and Luke 1:26-2:40
10 of 53
Canon
Standardised or official - in Christianity this relates to what books are included in the Bible and so considered canon
11 of 53
Canon within the canon
Idea that within the canon there are central ideas or themes that strongly influenced the basis on which writings were chosen
12 of 53
Chiasm
Style of writing that repeats similar ideas in reverse sequence - ABCBA - as seen in John 20
13 of 53
Chronology
Timing or arrangement of events or dates in the order of their occurrence
14 of 53
Church Fathers
Ancient Christian theologians whose writings have been influential for Christians
15 of 53
Covenant
Agreement between two or more parties based on obedience and involving promises - in Christianity, it's an agreement between God and his people
16 of 53
Critical realism
Idea that there are real objects beyond ourselves but that we know these objects through our own point of view or standpoint which biases our experience of them
17 of 53
Cynicism
School of Greek philosophers who rejected social convention to live a simple life in tune with nature and reason
18 of 53
Diatessaron
Harmony of the 4 Gospels written in the 2nd century
19 of 53
Demythologise
To eliminate mythical elements from a piece of writing
20 of 53
Deuterocanonical
Secondary canon, later than the first but of equal importance - second list of sacred books considered to be genuine
21 of 53
Eschatology
Study of the end things - in biblical theology this includes the soul, death, resurrection, immortality, the final judgement, heaven and hell
22 of 53
Fundamentalism
Movement from the late 19th/early 20th century dedicated to defending key biblical doctrines - later associated with a literal approach to the Bible
23 of 53
Gentiles
Non-Jews
24 of 53
Gnosticism
Greek for "having knowledge"/Movement that taught we are trapped in an evil, material world and must find special knowledge in order to be redeemed
25 of 53
Gospel
Record of Jesus' life and teaching in the first four books of the New Testament
26 of 53
Hypostatic Union
Combination of the divine and human nature in the Person of Christ
27 of 53
Historicity
Historical accuracy
28 of 53
The Holy Spirit
God as he is active in the world
29 of 53
Intertestamental literature
Works written between the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament
30 of 53
Incarnation
God becoming flesh in Jesus - (John 1:14)
31 of 53
Jewish apocalypticism
Belief in the sudden and cataclysmic coming of God to rule the world in justice
32 of 53
Kerygma
Proclamation or declaration of event - what the apostles preached
33 of 53
Magi
Latin for Wise Men
34 of 53
Messiah
Means "anointed one" - figure who is expected to unite the Jews and save them from their oppressors, ushering in an era of peace - promised in the Old Testament
35 of 53
Modern
Loose concept to differentiate scientific and technical progress from ancient and more traditional periods
36 of 53
Muratorian Canon
Oldest known list of books of the New Testament
37 of 53
Myth
Story containing divine beings or supernatural themes used to understand natural events or social and political concerns
38 of 53
Naïve realism
Belief that one can have direct knowledge of reality through sense experience
39 of 53
Original Sin
Sin of Adam and Eve, which all human beings inherit
40 of 53
Phenomenalism
View that what we think are material objects are really only our perceptions of sense data
41 of 53
Positivism
Knowledge is only positively recognised when it is based on sense perception not religion or metaphysics
42 of 53
Postmodernism
Range of movements in the late 20th century marked by scepticism and a suspicion of reason
43 of 53
Preincarnate
Before the incarnation
44 of 53
Plenary verbal inspiration
Belief that the words of the Bible were given directly by God to the human authors and therefore the Bible is fully (plenary) inspired
45 of 53
Redaction Criticism
Theory that New Testament writers altered existing material about Jesus to suit their own theological perspectives
46 of 53
Redemption
To be saved from sin or regain something through an exchange of money or goods
47 of 53
Realised eschatology
Idea that the quality of life normally associated with a relationship with God after death can be experienced now
48 of 53
Resurrection
Rising from the dead
49 of 53
Substantial presence
Although unseen, God is fully present not symbolically but in reality or substance - like the Eucharist for the Roman Catholic Church
50 of 53
Septuagint
Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible in the 3rd to 2nd centuries BCE
51 of 53
TNK (pronounced Tanak)
Acronym used by Jewish believers to refer to the Hebrew Bible
52 of 53
Worldview
The way in which a culture looks at the world - involves stories, symbols and answers to key questions about existence
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Gabriel's announcement to Mary - in Luke's Gospel

Back

Annunciation

Card 3

Front

Greek word meaning "hidden" - applied positively to books that were thought of as containing hidden wisdom or negatively to books of unknown origin and considered to be of questionable value

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Writings about Jesus not accepted by the Church

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Messenger/Ambassador - the name given to those sent by Jesus to proclaim his good news

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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