Alexander III, 1881-1894


The Problems Facing Alexander III in 1881:

  • With the Russians making up only half on the population in Russia, Alexander III faced the problem of keeping this large, mult-ethnic empire together
  • He needed to maintain his own supreme political power, which was difficult as his father had begun reforms which raised expectations of change in Russia
  • He faced pressure from his advisers to make Russia more like Western European countries

Repression and Reaction:

  • The assissination of the Tsar threatened the entire social and political system of the Russian Empire
  • A threat to the Tsar meant a threat to the Russian Orthodox Church, as they derived much of their power from him

Political Repression:

  • Those who wanted reform ranged


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