Additional Motivation theorists

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  • Victor Vroom:
  • Expectancy theory:
  • Assumes that behaviour results from conscious choices among alternatives whose purpose it is to maximise pleasure and minimize pain.
  • Argued that an employees belief about expectancy, valence and instrumentality interact physiologically to create a motivational force such that the employee acts in a way that brings pain or pleasure.
  • Stated that this force can be calculated…


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