Motivation

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  • Motivation
    • Theorists
      • Maslow
        • Hierarchy of needs
          • Physical > Safety > Social > Esteem > Self Actualisation
            • Once they reach the next level they are no longer motivated by it
            • Some people will never use all of their skills
      • Taylor
        • Scientific management
          • Money is the only thing that motivates people
            • Workers should be paid in accordance to productivity (piece work)
          • Workers do work, managers make decisions
        • Doesn't consider any other factor
      • Mayo
        • Hawthorne experiments
          • Took women from factory floor in GE and placed in separate room
            • Made conditions better, worse & the same, productivity greater than main floor in all conditions
              • Mayo held regular meetings with the women
                • Felt valued, sense of belonging
      • Herzberg
        • Motivators
          • Promotion opportunities
          • Responsibility
          • If the job is inherently interesting
        • Demotivators (Hygiene factors)
          • Poor pay
          • Relationship with manager
          • Company policy
          • Working conditions
        • 2 factor theory
    • Financial and non-financial motivators
      • Financial
        • Bonuses
        • Profit sharing
        • Performance related pay
        • Commission
        • Piece work
      • Non-Financial
        • Team working
        • Flexible working
        • Job enrichment
        • Job enlargement
        • Job rotation
        • Consultation
        • Empowerment

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