Verbal stages

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Holophrastic

  • Around 12 - 18 months
  • Babbling/monosyllabic reduplication
  • Can usually only say one word at a time - meaning is context-driven
  • Proper nouns e.g. 'Daddy', 'Nana'
  • Concrete nouns e.g. 'juice', 'biscuits'
  • Phatic/social talk e.g. 'hiya', 'bye-bye', 'please'
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Two-word

  • Around 18 - 24 months
  • Made up of primarily two-word sentences
  • Often contain one subject word and the other a verb/action
  • Incomplete sentences = relying on context for interpretation
  • 'The emergence of grammar'
  • Beginning to use prepositions e.g. 'on'
  • And possession words e.g. 'my'
  • And pronouns e.g. 'she
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Telegraphic

  • Around 2 - 2.5 years
  • Child begins to use sentences of up to four words in length
  • Understand grammar, semantics, phonology and beginnings of pragmatics
  • Function words are often left out but content words remain
  • Start to use questions

- What

- Where

- Why

- When

  • Start to use auxiliary verbs
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