Universal Stages of Development - CLA

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  • Universal stages of development
    • Before Birth Stage
      • before birth babies are becoming acclimatised to their native language
      • babies as young as 4 days old can distinguish their native language
      • babies become used to rhythm, intonation and language in the womb
      • PRE VERBAL - up to 6 weeks old
      • STAGE 1
    • Crying Stage
      • PRE VERBAL - up to 6 weeks old
      • the baby will express itself through crying as everything is new
      • different types of crying can be identifies prosodically
        • hunger
        • distress
        • pleasure
    • Cooing Stage
      • PRE VERBAL - 6-8 weeks old
      • gurgling or mewing
      • reduplicated monosyllablesevident here
        • mama
          • bi labial sounds more frequent
      • STAGE 2
    • Babbling Stage
      • PRE VERBAL/VERBAL - 6-9 months & 9-10 months
      • 6-9 months
        • the most important stage in the childs first year of life
          • begins at 6-9 months and continues as the child begins to use actual speech
        • children make sounds that resemble adult sounds but are not the same
      • 9 - 10 months
        • utterances will sound like actual words but will have no attached meaning
          • combinations of consonants and sounds are produced
      • STAGE 3
    • Holophrastic Stage
      • VERBAL - between 1-1 1/2 years old
      • universalised single words are being used for a variety of meanings
        • one word stage
      • comprehension opposed to production
      • more of a focus on perception and understanding
      • STAGE 4
    • Two Word  Utterances Stage
      • VERBAL - between 1 1/2-2 years
      • no syntactical or morphological markers
      • limited syntax ( object + verb sentence structure)
      • STAGE 5
    • Telegraphic Stage
      • VERBAL - between 2-2 1/2 years
      • lack of function words (determiners,prepositions, auxiliaries)
      • use of content words in a S+V+O syntactical structure
        • very few word order errors
      • questions asked more frequently
      • towards the age of three there is an advancementin grammatical abilities
        • turn maintaining, multiple subordination
      • majority of clauses linked by and, might occasionally use because
      • STAGE 6
    • Complex Stage
      • VERBAL - between 3-5 years
      • language acquisition is slow but vocabulary is developing
      • develop morphology and function words with some overgeneralisation
      • initial development in semantics
      • most basic grammatical rules have been learned although some have yet to be mastered
        • passive voice, etc
      • STAGE 7

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