urbanisation: london docklands development corporation

notes on how the LDDC is trying to redevelop inner city london

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What is it?

  • attempt to regenerate east end london which faced problems at start of 1980's
  • high unemployment in 1982 it was 24%, twice the national average, poor housing, high crime levels, outermigration of wealthier residents and skilled people

caused by:

  • containerisation
  • decline of British empire
  • globalisation and loss of manufacturing as LEDC's begin to produce cheaper goods.
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  • major government investment of £1.86 billion combined with private investment of £7.7 billion
  • financial companies move from city to new office blocks as area is revamped
  • housing is improved- 8000 local authority homes re-ferbished- 20,000 new homes built- former warehouses converted into luxury flats
  • infrastructure improvements- docklands light railway, Jubliee line underground extension, city aiport, millennium dome and watersports marinas
  • old warehouses converted into luxury flats, new bars and restaurants to encorage the new cash rich professional class
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did it work?


  • 80,000 jobs created
  • No. of businesses more than doubled from 1000 to 2400
  • unemployment fallen from 24% in 1982 to 9.5% in 1996
  • 94 awards for conservation, architecture and landscaping


  • of the 80,000 jobs created most were relocated jobs out of London
  • very few affordable homes built
  • influence of new cash rich professional class affected the traditional east end working class culture
  • some infrastructure was too expensive and a waste of money, the docklands light railway cost £73 million but services have been cut due to lack of demand
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